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How-to Make a Simple Weaving Loom and Basic Weaving Techniques: part 3
Submitted by Pam on Sat, 05/02/2009 - 19:55
Welcome to the second tutorial for "weaving without a loom". In this post, I'm covering techniques for changing threads, adding buttons and other helpful tips to add texture and interest to your wall hanging.
We'll begin with how to change yarns.
1) Holding the ends of the old and new weft yarns together as one, begin weaving them through the warp.
2) When you reach the end of the old weft yarn, pull the new weft yarn (the orange yarn in this picture) through the warp...
...until it is overlapping the old weft yarn by about three inches.
3) Continue weaving with the new (orange) weft yarn. Take care to hold the end of the new yarn securely in place as you pull the new yarn through the warp yarns. When you have finished weaving the row, be sure to beat the weft (as we discussed in my previous tutorial). Continue weaving with your new yarn.
Sometimes you may wish to add just a small piece of decorative yarn to the weaving to create interest or texture. Easy to do!
1) Weave a row to the spot in the weaving where you want to add a little excitement. I am using a short piece of white boucle yarn to create a few little white puffs here and there.
2) Put the end of the weft yarn and one end of the short piece of fancy yarn together and weave them together for a couple of inches.
3) Pull them through the warp yarns together until the end of the short yarn is even with the spot where you started weaving them together.
4) Hold the end of the short yarn in place while you pull the rest of the of the weft yarn through the warp to take up the slack.
5) Continue weaving both together until you reach the end of the short yarn. Holding the small piece in place, pull the weft yarn through the weaving to take up the slack.
6) Once you have completed weaving the rest of the row with the weft yarn, beat the weft yarn and the small piece you have added into place. The ends usually disappear into the weaving, but if you like, you can make sure the ends disappear by placing them behind a warp yarn.
7) Depending on the yarn, you might want to gently tease pieces of it out of hiding.
Much better! Now I can see all those cute little puffs.
When I am weaving, I am almost never satisfied with the yarn selection I have to work with. I love to play around with my yarns, creating new ones by twisting two or three different yarns together.
Here I have twisted together a thin mohair boucle yarn and a gently-twisted "felty" yarn to create a thicker, more textured strand.
This is not difficult to to do - just put two pieces of yarn together, twist and weave. Experiment with your stash and have some fun creating new yarns.
Here is another example of using two pieces of yarn together as one. In this case, I am using two colors of 4-ply yarn. As you can see, sometimes only one color will show and sometimes both. Makes things more interesting! I love the suspense of not knowing until I beat the weft what results I am going to get!
Another little trick I like to use is to float the weft yarn over several warp yarns. When the weft is lying on the surface of the weaving, it tends to show up more.
Notice how much brighter the turquoise yarn appears where it is floating over the warp yarns.
Thick slub yarns and roving can get hidden in the weaving, so I usually try to float a few of them over several warp yarns.
I like the top row of roving in this picture so much better than the bottom row. Floating the roving weft helped hide all those warp yarns.
By floating the orange weft over three warp yarns and under one, over three and under one....
...I can increase the intensity of the yarn's color.
OK - OK - I know... what you really want to know is how to add those beads!
1) Begin by weaving two pieces of yarn together for one full row. (One piece of yarn should be thin enough to fit through the eye of a needle.) Contnue weaving a second row to the point in the weaving where you want to place your bead.
2) Allow the thin yarn to dangle while you continue weaving with the other yarn to a point equal to the width of your bead. Pull the yarn through to take up slack.
3) Select a needle that will fit through your beautiful bead and thread the thin yarn onto the needle.
4) Pull the needle and yarn through the bead hole and remove the needle.
5) Bring the yarns back together and continue weaving to the end of the row.
6) Beat your weft, especially around your bead, and then continue weaving using the same two yarns for at least one or two more rows.
I don't know if this is the best way to do this, but so far, nothing has fallen off! And I just love how my beads look, especially the big, amber colored agates.
I hope some of you will make a wall hanging and send me a picture. I would love that.
And, again, if you have questions, please ask. I will do my best to help.
No doubt you are here because you love to weave! You might like to make your next journal cover by weaving it on a cardboard loom. Find the tutorial here.
Or create unique "Zen" bookmarks.
Or weave these very cool south American inspired Yarn Stars for your tree.